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Graduate Student Seminar

Wednesday, March 1, 2017
11:00 AM - 12:00 PM
University Center : 115
Session ChairMina Hosseini
DiscussantDr. Adragni

Speaker 1: Sai Popuri
Title
Parallelizing Computation of Expected Values in Recombinant Binomial Trees

Abstract
Recombinant binomial trees are binary trees where each non-leaf node has two child nodes, but adjacent parents share a common child node. Such trees arise in finance when pricing an option. For example, valuation of a European option can be carried out by evaluating the expected value of asset payoffs with respect to random paths in the tree. In many variants of the option valuation problem, a closed form solution cannot be obtained and computational methods are needed. The cost to exactly compute expected values over random paths grows exponentially in the depth of the tree, rendering a serial computation of one branch at a time impractical. We propose a parallelization method that transforms the calculation of the expected value into an "embarrassingly parallel" problem by mapping the branches of the binomial tree to the processes in a multiprocessor computing environment. We also propose a parallel Monte Carlo method which takes advantage of the mapping to achieve a reduced variance over the basic Monte Carlo estimator.

Performance results from R and Julia implementations of the parallelization method on a distributed computing cluster indicate that both the implementations are scalable, but Julia is significantly faster than a similarly written R code. A simulation study is carried out to verify the convergence and the variance reduction behavior in the proposed Monte Carlo method.

Speaker 2: Joshua Hudson
Title
Eventual Decay of Solutions to the MHD

Abstract
The Magnetohydrodynamic equations govern evolution of the velocity and magnetic fields present for a moving conductive fluid. We will discuss local and global existence results in Gevrey norms for solutions of the 2D and 3D MHD equations. Then, using a uniform bound on both the curl of the velocity and the curl of the magnetic field in L_1, as well as a form of the Leray energy inequality, we get eventual smoothness results.